1. Le cerveau multilingue: Acquisition du langage et alphabétisation
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Takam Tikou, La revue des livres pour enfants International, March 2019.
    English version: Holistic brains – neuroscience evidence for approaching to early literacy in multilingual settings
  2. Why is mother tongue based education so significant?
    Carole Bloch, African Leader, Issue 41, 2012.
  3. Top-Down Causation, Adaptive Selection, and Their Consequences
    Authors: George F.R. Ellis and Carole S. Bloch
    Human Development, June 2011
  4. Creating Literate School Communities: Vulindlela Reading Clubs
    Authors: Neville Alexander, Carole Bloch, Nadeema Jogee, Xolisa Guzula, Ntombizanele Mahobe.
  5. Enabling Biliteracy Among Young Children in Southern Africa: Realities, Visions and Strategies
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Global Perspectives on Multilingualism, 2009
  6. Little Books for Little Hands: A Stories Across Africa Project
    Author: Carole Bloch
    The Lion and the Unicorn, 2008
  7. Literacy and linguistic diversity in a global perspective: an intercultural exchange with African countries
    Authors: Neville Alexander, Ayo Bamgbose, Carole Bloch, Brigitta Busch, Daniel Coste, Viv Edwards, Arame Fal, Prince Kum’a Ndumbe III, Adama Samassékou
    European Centre for Modern Languages, 2007
  8. Language and Development in Multilingual Settings: A Case Study of Knowledge Exchange and Teacher Education in South Africa
    Authors: Naz Rassool, Viv Edwards and Carole Bloch
    International Review of Education, 2006
  9. Viv Edwards & Jacob Marriote Ngwaru (2012): African language books for children: Issues for authors, Language, Culture and Curriculum, 25:2, 123-137
  10. Carole Bloch (2002): A Case Study of Xhosa and English Biliteracy in the Foundation Phase versus English as a ‘Medium of Destruction’ (Battswood report),  Perspectives in Education, 20:1
  11. Carole Bloch (1999): The potential of early childhood for developing and sustaining literacy in Africa, Social Dynamics, 25:1

Conference papers and presentations

  1. What Should We Do with the Children on Monday? Educating Ourselves, Educating Our Children: A 5-Day Curriculum Orientation Conference Report, 2018
  2. Ensuring Affordable Quality in Early Childhood Education: What will we DO with the children on Monday?
    Conference Report, 2017
  3. Issues in the Development of Multilingual Children’s Literacy and Literature in South Africa – taking stock
    Seminar Report, 2017
  4. Nal’ibali and libraries: activating the gift of reading together
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Conference Paper Jan 2015
  5. Growing young readers and writers: underpinnings of the Nal’ibali National Reading-for-Enjoyment Campaign
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Conference Paper Jan 2014
  6. The impact of the hegemony of English on access to and quality of education with special reference to South Africa
    Author: Neville Alexander
    Presentation at Language and Poverty Conference, Cornell University
  7. Interactive Journal Writing as a Tool for Mentoring and Teacher Professional Development
    Author: Xolisa Guzula
    Presentation on the PRAESA-initiated six-year interactive Xhosa-English interactive journal writing process with children in the Battswood Biliteracy Project. The challenges, solutions and the benefits of such activity is addressed.
  8. Evolving African Approaches to the Management of Linguistic Diversity
    Author: Neville Alexander
    The author proposes a comprehensive, large-scale, long-term and systematic intervention on the part of NGOs, CBOs, language professionals’ associations with government support at the national, sub-regional and continental levels, to create the conditions and the capacity that will enable the realisation of the common goal of using as many African languages as possible in all the controlling domains through the implementation of the ALCAN project.
  9. Stories Across Africa (StAAf): Towards a Shared African Children’s Literature
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Presentation introducing Stories Aross Africa (StAAf), a pan-African project which began in 2004 to enable and support book reading and a love of stories among children across Africa.
  10. Initiatives to Reach Early Childhood and Education
    Author: Carole Bloch
    Presentation introducing the characteristics and the aims of PRAESA
  11. Multilingual Education or English as a Medium of ‘Destruction’: Language and Literacy Policy and Practice in South African Early Childhood Classrooms
    Author: Carole Bloch
    This paper describes the Early Childhood Development (ECD) developmental research initiative carried out by PRAESA in an attempt to address the language issue in a classroom of young Xhosa and English speaking children.
  12. Emergent Literacy, Multilingualism and Early Childhood Development
    Author: Carole Bloch
    In this position paper prepared for the 1996 Education Sub-Committee of the Language Plan Task Group, Carole Bloch argues that while greater access to pre-school early childhood development is essential, without changes to the way literacy is approached in early childhood, it is very likely that the improvements will not be as substantial as hoped for. The author states that we need to be clear about how ECD can best fulfill its role in enabling children’s literacy to develop and also decide how to develop the biliteracy and multiliteracy potential that is inherent in South Africa.
  13. Feeling at Home with Literacy in the Mother Tongue
    Authors: Neville Alexander and Carole Bloch
    This paper suggests ways of discussing some fundamental issues and developments that frame and influence the decisions and actions of educational policy makers and practitioners for language use and learning in Africa. The authors place emphasis on written language, spotlighting the fact that power and status functions of language are most clearly marked in its printed form.
  14. Implementation of Mother Tongue Learner-Centred Early Literacy Education in Namibia
    Author: Carole Bloch
    This paper aimed to assist with the process of finding workable models and strategies for early childhood literacy teaching for mother tongue education in line with the conceptual framework adopted in Namibia on learner-centered education.
  15. Glimmers of Hope – Emergent Writing and Reading in a Multilingual Foundation Phase Classroom
    Author: Carole Bloch with Ntombizanele Nkence
    Presentation to TIP 3rd Annual Colloquium, 1998 (published in conference proceedings, 2000)

Research reports

  1. Theory and strategy of early literacy in contemporary Africa with special reference to South Africa
    Author: Carole Bloch
  1. Stories in people’s lives: A snapshot from Rawsonville, Western Cape (Nal’ibali Reading-for-Enjoyment Campaign, Briefing No. 1)
    Author: Catherine Kell
  1. Stories in people’s lives: A snapshot from Langa, Western Cape (Nal’ibali Reading-for-Enjoyment Campaign, Briefing No. 2)
    Authors: Catherine Kell and Thabisa Xhalisa
  1. Telling tales: The story of the Nal’ibali reading-for-enjoyment supplements
    Author: Viv Edwards


PRAESA’s occasional papers

  1. Literacy in the Early Years: Teaching and Learning in Multilingual Early Childhood Classrooms
    Author: Carole Bloch
  2. The African Renaissance and the Use of African Languages in Tertiary Education
    Author: Neville Alexander
  3. Concepts of Early Childhood Development (ECD), Literacy Learning and Materials Development in Multilingual Settings
    Author: Carole Bloch
  4. Enabling effective literacy learning in multilingual South African early childhood classrooms
    Author: Carole Bloch
  5. The Rise and Possible Demise of Afrikaans as a Public Language
    Author: Hermann Giliomee
  6. Medium of Instruction and its Effect on Matriculation Examination Results for 2000, in Western Cape Secondary Schools: A study of examination results in relation to home language and language medium
    Author: Michellé October
  7. Problems and Possibilities in Multilingual Classrooms in the Western Cape
    Authors: Peter Plüddemann, Xola Mati and Babazile Mahlalela-Thusi
  8. English Unassailable but Unattainable: The Dilemma of Language Policy in South African Education
    Author: Neville Alexander
  9. Pre-School Child Multilingualism and its Educational Implications in the African Context
    Author: H. Ekkehard Wolff
  10. Multilingual Environments for Survival: The Impact of English on Xhosa-Speaking Students in Cape Town
    Author: Rima Vesely
  11. The Case Against Bilingual and Multilingual Education in South Africa
    Author: Kathleen Heugh
  12. Multilingualism in South Africa with a focus on KwaZulu-Natal and Metropolitan Durban
    Authors: Peter Broeder, Guus Extra and Jeanne Maartens
  13. Revisiting Bilingual Education in and for South Africa
    Author: Kathleen Heugh
  14. Language rights, ethnic politics: A critique of the Pan South African Language Board
    Author:Timothy Perry
  15. Language policy implementation and language vitality in Western Cape primary schools
    Authors: Peter Plüddemann, Daryl Braam, Peter Broeder, Guus Extra, Michellé October
  16. Dual-medium and parallel medium schooling in the Western Cape: from default to design
    Authors: Peter Plüddemann, Daryl Braam, Michellé October, Zola Wababa
  17. The status of IsiXhosa as an additional language in selected Cape Town secondary schools
    Authors: Thabile Mbatha and Peter Plüddemann
  18. Learning In, With, and From the First Language
    Author: Pai Obanya
  19. Implications of Brown v Board of Education: A Post-Apartheid South African Perspective
    Author: Neville Alexander
  20. Community perception of change in a school’s language policy
    Author: Daryl Braam
  21. Language and Dementia in Bilingual Settings: Evidence from two case studies
    Author: Tracy Gail Beckett
  22. Border-Straddling Speech Communities: Linguistic and Educational Challenges facing the Nyanja-Chewa-Mang’anja Cluster of Southeastern Africa
    Author: Agnes Georgina che-Jika Nkhoma-Darch
  23. Language biographies for multilingual learning
    Authors: Brigitta Busch, Aziza Jardine and Angelika Tjoutuku
  24. Theory and Strategy of Early Literacy in Contemporary Africa with special reference to South Africa
    Author: Carole Bloch
  25. Writing and publishing in indigenous languages is a mere waste of time: a critical appraisal of the challenges faced by writers and publishers of Shona literature in Zimbabwe
    Authors: Enna Sukutai Gudhlanga & Godwin Makaudze
  26. Skills and Levels in Europe – managing diversity in language education
    Authors: Peter Broeder & Rita Sorce
  27. Ukusetyenziswa kolwimi lwesiXhosa ukufunda nokufundisa izifundo zezibalo
    Author: Somikazi Deyi
  28. Terminology Development for the Intellectualization of African Languages
    Edited by Pamella Maseko
  29. Multilingualism and the Language Policy for Namibian Schools
    Author: Andree-Jeanne Totemeyer
  30. How Scientific Terms are Taught and Learnt in the Intermediate Phase
    Author: Zola Wababa
  31. The Potential Role of Translation as Social Practice for the Intellectualization of African Languages
    Author: Neville Alexander
  32. Home-Language Based Bilingual Education: Towards a Learner-Centred Language Typology of Primary Schools in South Africa
    Author: Peter Plüddemann
  33. What Are the Factors Influencing the Relationship Between School Language Policy and the Literacy Proficiency of Learners at Grade 7 Level?
    Author: Trevor de Rocha
  34. Language “Choice” in Education
    Author: Carol Benson
  35. Affirming Marginal Voice: A Study of a Group of Primary School Children in an Asymmetrical Multilingual Setting
    Author: Aziza Jardine
  36. Racial Identity, Citizenship and Nation Building in Post-Apartheid South Africa
    Author: Neville Alexander
  37. Effects of a Dialogical Argumentation Instructional Model on Grade 10 Learners’ Conception of Fermentation
    Author: Christopher Diwu
  38. Language preferences and behaviours of selected students and staff in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Cape Town, in the context of the university’s implementation of its 2003 Language Policy and Plan: a qualitative study
    Author: Gaontebale Joseph Nodoba
  39. Viv Edwards & Jacob Marriote Ngwaru (2012): African language books for children: Issues for authors, Language, Culture and Curriculum, 25:2, 123-137
  40. L1-based multilingual education and EGRA: Where do they meet?
    Author: Carol Benson
  41.  A Case Study of Xhosa and English Biliteracy in the Foundation Phase versus English as a ‘Medium of Destruction’ (Battswood report),  Perspectives in Education, 20:1
    Author: Carole Bloch (2002)
  42. The potential of early childhood for developing and sustaining literacy in Africa, Social Dynamics, 25:1
    Author: Carole Bloch (1999)